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Thursday, May 20, 2010

The OLPC and Self Organised Learning Environments

Some people seem to think that I am not happy with the One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) project. This is not correct at all. I have always been an admirer of the OLPC, particularly its engineering design. We should not forget that it is this design that sparked the NetBook phenomenon - finally a laptop that has the right form factor and functionality.

My work with self organised learning by children shows that groups of children can learn to use computers and the Internet to answer almost any question. This happens everywhere and is independent of what language they speak, where they live and how rich or poor they are. All they need is free access and the liberty to work in unsupervised groups. The most effective group size seems to be 4-5 children.

So, we really need one laptop for every 4 children (OLF4C?)

This will reduce the project costs by 75% !

The ideal computer would be one that is about as big as the present OLPC, but with a built in, micro projector. This will enable children to share a screen by projecting it on any white surface. There are new micro projectors that use hybrid LED and laser technology to produce a bright image at low power.

I think, with the 75% cost savings through shared computers, it is entirely possible to produce a solar and/or pedal powered projecting netbook.

Would love to try one!

222 Comments:

Blogger mariano said...

Is very interesting-
I work at Buenos Aires University, in educational strategies and your proposed model is very simple and smart-
Thank you

May 21, 2010 at 10:11 AM  
Blogger Br3nda of coffee.geek.nz said...

certainly has been tried - several deployments have been 1 laptop per X children.

however, the conclusions of the study was that not having ownership of their laptop greatly decreases learning. It is when the laptop becomes their own, to control, explore, break - that they really engage with the laptop and the educational tools within.

May 26, 2010 at 9:32 PM  
Blogger Eric said...

Sugata,

There is also a One Mouse Per Child movement that requires far less of a budget! Here's a link to the article:

http://bit.ly/dAHtS3

Looking forward to your thoughts on it.

-Eric B.
Community Manager, Mouse Mischief
www.microsoft.com/mousemischief

June 10, 2010 at 10:35 AM  
Blogger JMT said...

I agree that the 4 person type group will be a lot more beneficial at developing knowledge with interaction. It is important not to sacrifice the social development for the intellectual solely, as they need to "feed on" each other. Your work is very intriguing and holds some real promise for a better quality of person in the world.

September 7, 2010 at 9:34 AM  
Blogger suki said...

Hey Sugata

have you any insights on adult education? We work with a lot of illiterate adults who we are teaching employability skills, and I was curious if you had done any work with this profile?

September 8, 2010 at 12:27 AM  
Blogger Jack Hutchinson said...

If Google will finally release its OS, the cost of net books will drop down very low. They have everything in place for all kids and adults to work on the CLOUD. Google has delayed this to get it right which is good. American kids are at risk without a PC tool fully integrated in the classroom. Maybe a cheap net book for all teachers would finally move us forward from our archaic educational system.

September 8, 2010 at 9:18 AM  
Blogger Roger said...

Dear Mr Mitra,

I loved your TED talk on self-education and added it to my website: http://realtalkworld.com.

On August 19, 2010, I sent an Education Letter to Obama, which supports the notion that we are much more than blank slates to write on. I am following his letter up with one to school administrators, teachers, parents and children, suggesting that active and thoughtful participation in the creation of our reality is what we have been waiting for.

To stimulate creativity, we need to ask ourselves questions, we need to have curiosity. Your study affirms this. If you are interested, you can find the letter to Obama at:http://realtalkworld.com/2010/08/19/education-letter-to-obama/.

Your research is very exciting and I will continue to follow it. Thank you for what you do!

September 8, 2010 at 1:14 PM  
Blogger blokesablogin said...

Dear Dr. Mitra,

Thank you again for your amazing research. Working with children (as a parent and as a teacher), I have learned that the role of the teacher is more to provide them with the right learning environment rather than content. Further to foster a discerning mind that can separate the chaff from the grain.

How do you deal with situations when children stumble across websites that are not "accurate"? How do the children understand that what they are reading is not true or tested information?

September 8, 2010 at 10:22 PM  
Blogger WHardaway said...

One of the great things regarding research is that when it's new it knocks down some status quo that everyone previously fought for. If this research is found to be right then why not take those expenses, slash them by 70% to benefit students with the same impact.

September 9, 2010 at 5:54 AM  
Blogger norm said...

Hello Mitra,
Once again,I have watched your work on TED and am enthralled. Well done, that you have revealed children as engaged learners is a gift to children and learning. I will begin asking questions in similar ways in my work as a therapist. Your thoughts about SOLE leave all of us with much to ponder. Thank you for your efforts and trust in children. Norm

September 9, 2010 at 7:42 AM  
Blogger Arvind Kumar said...

Hello Mr. Mitra,

You were unknown to me till 10th September 2010, 12:50 A.M IST, just clicked on a link on facebook which directed me to one of your vidoes on TED, really impressed by your research, hats off to you, this reminds me of lines from one of the books of Swami Vikekananda, where the great saint says that "Nothing is outside you, the world lies within" you will find your goal depending on the intensity with which you search it.

The good thing is your research is proving the same thing - In your experiments, nothing is coming from outside, it is the knowldege that all of us already have which is getting displayed.

One of the comments also says about adult education,it would be very helpful if you can do something on this as a major proportion of the Indian Masses in this age group requires something.

Do let us know if i can be of any help to you in any of your research projects.

Very Good Sir.

Ham aapko Namaskar Kartey He.

Thanks,
Arvind

September 9, 2010 at 12:34 PM  
Blogger Ed Dodds said...

Since the growth globally is in cellulars with texting capability and smartphones, have you tried these yet? Excellent TEDTalk. @ed_dodds @conmergence

September 13, 2010 at 5:16 AM  
Blogger Johnny said...

Howdy,

@Eric B., sounds like a great idea.

@Sugata, i wish there was something practical I could do to help you.

I'm struggling to build a free and open educational classroom at
http://www.startgettingsmart.com

much luck and speed,
johnny

September 14, 2010 at 11:05 AM  
Blogger Mariana Ludmila Cortés said...

Dear Sugatra,

Just as Br3nda has posted... It is having a computer of their own what increases their commitment to learning.

Lets compare it with having a book to learn from.. shared between 4 kids. Of course it is better than having non, but ...isn't it better when each kid can look at what they are interested most about from each of those books?
One kid could read & day dream, while the other one gets information by underlining or doodling on it and perhaps some others will learn by actually experimenting what the book suggest...
Having their own source of learning is what OLPC is committed to, even if that signifies not dropping costs down.

OLPC is not a computer project, but an educational one. Each computer becomes a window to the world. World that probably they wouldn't have the opportunity to learn from if it wasn't for owning their own window and looking through it for what they are most interested about.

Looking forward having a little chance to chat in your visit to Mexico. I'll be there..
Regards,
Mariana Ludmila

October 8, 2010 at 8:28 AM  
Blogger Ani said...

Hello Sugata,

I learnt about you when I undertook an internship @ NIIT GIS to design their internal marketing website in 2002. I worked with Anirudh Roy who had mentioned about you.

I now work with HCL Technologies, UK and look after branding & strategy for the European Region. I will be taking 20 top tier european journalists to India from 25-30th Oct to showcase Indian innovation.

I would like to discuss with you and see if I can arrange a session on 27th Oct afternoon.

I look forward to hearing from you.

October 12, 2010 at 6:57 AM  
Blogger Ani said...

This comment has been removed by the author.

October 12, 2010 at 6:57 AM  
Blogger roopa said...

Hi, I was abroad for over 10yrs and just returned home(Bangalore). Although I did research in Indian Philosophy and continue to on a part-time basis, I have met many moms like me who choose to stay home or work minimally on a voluntary basis to take care of the family. Wouldn't it be wonderful to organize moms like me and use us as resources in connecting with kids who want to learn?

October 21, 2010 at 8:22 AM  
Blogger Shashanka Kundu said...

Hello Sir,
I am working with Educational Initiatives in India and have, over the past few months, attempted to understand how "learning" happens.

Quite loved your talk. I can actually relate to "incidental learning" (I learnt quite a lot of stuff that way as a kid).

I tried/participated in some activities in Delhi and Rajasthan to study how learning in groups can help improve understanding. A very satisfactory experience was at the Evening Classes initiative back in college where a college student acted as a facilitator-cum-mentor to a group of students from nearby schools in Delhi. Interestingly enough, you mentioned this as the Grandma effect at one of your talks.

My work mostly involves studying the pedagogical aspects of learning (the cognitive sciences) and using technology to most effectively provide content and exposure and assess learning. In a sense, trying to replace, with a machine, the teacher that CAN be replaced by a machine.

With Mindspark, a computer-based, adaptive, self-learning programme, we allow each student to follow a learning path that is based on his/her need. Each child sits on a single machine and goes through content trying to improve skills and learn concepts. In a classroom scenario, a student-driven discussion should ideally follow. All this takes place in the presence of the subject teacher who simply acts as a facilitator.

We have been studying student performance and behaviour patterns and we found interesting results. One of our major focus areas right now is to be able to engage students without reducing understanding. Several ideas came across - many of them after listening to your talks.

Looking forward to discuss with you and share views.

-Shashanka S Kundu
shashanka.kundu@ei-india.com

October 23, 2010 at 6:08 AM  
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Blogger Its me ! said...

We want the same for the childern at Koseli.... pls see : http://renubagaria.blogspot.com/

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Blogger Ron said...

I applaud your amazing research and efforts! I am sharing your Ted Talks lecture. Thank you for sharing.

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March 28, 2011 at 8:41 AM  
Blogger vernon said...

I was wondering if there is a point where the ratio of students to laptops actually diminishes the effectiveness of organised learning environments.

April 19, 2011 at 12:50 PM  
Blogger J said...

I want to help! How can I offer my time and internet connection?

April 22, 2011 at 1:31 PM  
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Blogger My Family said...

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August 13, 2011 at 11:51 PM  
Blogger Sparkling Adventures said...

How about one laptop per family? We have 4.5 (unschooled) kids, and one laptop would give them all a chance to experiment and learn (collaboratively).

September 26, 2011 at 10:14 PM  
Blogger startupjedi said...

I enjoy your TED talk. And I agree with you that from an economically viable and doable standpoint, the chance of success is better with 1 for every 4 or 5 student than 1 laptop or every student. (Naturally we would like to have that but lets shoot for 1 to 5 first)

About your solar power laptop... i think it would be better economics and doable to provide a solar power FIY kit with replaceable parts that can be use for multiple devices. I saw this on kickstarter

http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/ryochijiiwa/bootstrapsolar-portable-power-pack-kit?ref=category

Maybe you can use recycle tin can as the exterior? like about the same shape.

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I enjoy your TED talk. And I agree with you that from an economically viable and doable standpoint, the chance of success is better with 1 for every 4 or 5 student than 1 laptop or every student. (Naturally we would like to have that but lets shoot for 1 to 5 first)
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south; for observers further south it lies below the horizon. It is one of the largest constellations, with an area of 722 square degrees. This is over 1,400 times the size of the full moon, 55% of the size of the largest constellation, Hydra, and over 10 times the size of the smallest constellation, Crux.
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Its brightest star, Alpha Andromedae, is a binary star that has also been counted as a part of Pegasus, while Gamma Andromedae is a colorful binary and a popular target for amateur astronomers.Expedia Redemption Codes

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Andromeda Galaxy (M31, also called the Great Galaxy of Andromeda), the closest spiral galaxy to the Milky Way and one of the brightest Messier objects. Several fainter galaxies, including M31's companions M110 and M32, as well as the more distant NGC 891, lie within Andromeda. The Blue Snowball Nebula, a planetary nebula, is visible in a telescope as a blue circular object.hummer service contract

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Gamma Andromedae is a colorful binary and a popular target for amateur astronomers. Only marginally dimmer than Alpha, Beta Andromedae is a red giant, its color visible to the naked eye. The constellation's most obvious deep-sky object is the naked-eye Andromeda Galaxy (M31, also called the Great Galaxy of Andromeda), the closest spiral galaxy to the Milky Way and one of the brightest Messier objects. Several fainter galaxies, including M31's companions M110 and M32entrenador personal

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The uranography of Andromeda has its roots most firmly in the Greek tradition, though a female figure in Andromeda's location had appeared earlier in Babylonian astronomy. The stars that make up Pisces and the middle portion of modern Andromeda formed a constellation representing a fertility goddess, sometimes named as Anunitum or the Lady of the Heavensstatybines medziagos

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Andromeda is known as "the Chained Lady" or "the Chained Woman" in English. It was known as Mulier Catenata ("chained woman") in Latin and al-Mar'at al Musalsalah in Arabic.[2] It has also been called Persea ("Perseus's wife") or Cepheis ("Cepheus's daughter"),[2][9] all names that refer to Andromeda's role in the Greco-Roman myth of Perseus, in which Cassiopeia, the queen of Ethiopia, bragged that her daughter was more beautiful than the Nereids, sea nymphs blessed with incredible beauty.tie dye t-shirts

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s's wife") or Cepheis ("Cepheus's daughter"),[2][9] all names that refer to Andromeda's role in the Greco-Roman myth of Perseus, in which Cassiopeia, the queen of Ethiopia, bragged that her daughter was more beautiful than the Nereids, sea nymphs blessed with incredible beauty.[10] Offended at her remark, the nymphs petitioned Poseidon to punish Cassiopeia for her insolence, which he did by commanding the sea monster Cetus to attack
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punish Cassiopeia for her insolence, which he did by commanding the sea monster Cetus to attack Ethiopia.[10] Andromeda's panicked father, Cepheus, was told by the Oracle of Ammon that the only way to save his kingdom was to sacrifice his daughter to Cetus.[11][12] She was chained to a rock by the sea but was saved by the hero Perseus, who used the head of Medusa to turn the monster into stone;[13] Algol (β Persei), the "Demon Star", marks the head of Medusa.[14] Perseus and Andromeda then married—the myth recounts that the couple had seven children together – six sons and one daughter – and founded Mycenae and its Persfalse allegations

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head of Medusa.[14] Perseus and Andromeda then married—the myth recounts that the couple had seven children together – six sons and one daughter – and founded Mycenae and its Persideae dynasty. After Andromeda's death Athena placed her in the sky as a constellation, to honor her. Several of the neighboring constellations (Perseus, Cassiopeia, Cetus, and Cepheus) also represent characters in the Perseus mythcool t shirts

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Andromeda was one of the original 48 constellations formulated by Ptolemy in his 2nd-century Almagest, in which it was defined as a specific pattern of stars. She is typically depicted with α Andromedae as her head, ο and λ Andromedae as her chains, and δ, π, μ, Β, and γ Andromedae representing her body and legs.
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s designed to honor King Frederick II of Prussia, but quickly fell into disuse.[17] Since the time of Ptolemy, Andromeda has remained a constellation and is officially recognized by the International Astronomical Union, although like all modern constellations, it is now defined as a specific region of the sky that includes both Ptolemy's pattern and the surrounding stars.[18][19] In 1922, the IAU defined its recommended threezombie games

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and is officially recognized by the International Astronomical Union, although like all modern constellations, it is now defined as a specific region of the sky that includes both Ptolemy's pattern and the surrounding stars.[18][19] In 1922, the IAU defined its recommended three-letter abbreviation, "And".[20] The official boundaries of Andromeda were defined in 1930 by Eugène Delporte as a polygon of 36 segments. Its right ascension is between 22h 57.5m and 2h 39.3m and its declination is between 53.19° and 21.68° in the equatorial coordinate system.[21]art

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In traditional Chinese astronomy, nine stars from Andromeda (including Beta Andromedae, Mu Andromedae, and Nu Andromedae), along with seven stars from Pisces, formed an elliptical constellation called "Legs" (奎宿). This constellation either represented the foot of a walking person or a wild boar.[12] Gamma Andromedae and its neighbors were called "Teen Ta Tseang Keun" (天大将军, heaven's great general), representing honor in astrology and a great general in mythology.quality replica watches

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An Arab constellation called "al-Hut" (the fish) was composed of several stars in Andromeda, M31, and several stars in Pisces. ν And, μ And, β And, η And, ζ And, ε And, δ And, π And, and 32 And were all included from Andromeda; ν Psc, φ Psc, χ Psc, and ψ Psc were included from Pisces.jet hand dryer

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Hindu legends surrounding Andromeda are similar to the Greek myths. Ancient Sanskrit texts depict Antarmada chained to a rock, as in the Greek myth. Scholars believe that the Hindu and Greek astrological myths were closely linked; one piece of evidence cited is the similarity between the names "Antarmada" and "Andromeda".herbal vaporizer

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Andromeda is also associated with the Mesopotamian creation story of Tiamat, the goddess of Chaos. She bore many demons for her husband, Apsu, but eventually decided to destroy them in a war that ended when Marduk killed her. He used her body to create the constellations as markers of time for humans.armor games

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iated with the Mesopotamian creation story of Tiamat, the goddess of Chaos. She bore many demons for her husband, Apsu, but eventually decided to destroy them in a war that ended when Marduk killed her. He used her body to create the constellations as markers of time for humans.[9][15]
In the Marshall Islands, Andromeda, Cassiopeia, Triangulum, and Aries are incorporated into a constellation representing a porpoise. Andromeda's bright stars are mostly in the body of the porpoise; Cassiopeia represents its tail and Aries its head
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β And (Mirach) is a red-hued giant star of type M0[10][25] located in an asterism known as the "girdle". It is 198 light-years away,[25] has a magnitude of 2.06,[26] and a luminosity of 115 L☉.[14] Its name comes from the Arabic phrase "al-Maraqq" meaning "the loins" or "the loincloth",[24] a phrase translated from Ptolemy's writing. However, β And was mostly considered by the Arabs to be a part of al-Hut, a constellation representing a larger fish than Pisces at Andromeda's feet.[16]
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γ And (Almach) is an orange-hued bright giant star of type K3[10] found at the southern tip of the constellation with an overall magnitude of 2.14.[14] Almach is a multiple star with a yellow primary of magnitude 2.3 and a blue-green secondary of magnitude 5.0, separated by 9.7 arcseconds.[11][12][23] British astronomer William Herschel said of the star: "[the] striking difference in the colour of the two stars, suggests the idea of a sun and its planet, to which the contrast of their unequal size contributes not a little.
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Doctor Francisco Layna Serrano of nearby Ruguilla had for years tried to save the monastery but had failed to interest the government in the expensive preservation proposal. Realizing that this was his last chacctv system installation

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From the change log, other functions are accessible in most wikis: the revision history shows previous page versions and the diff feature highlights the changes between two revisions. Using the revision history, an editor can view and restore a previous version of the article. The diff feature can be used to decide whether or not this is necessary. A regular wiki user can view the diff of an edit listed on the Recent Changes page and, if it is an unacceptable edit, consult the history, restoring a previous revision; this process is more or less streamlined, depending on the wiki software used.The region now known as Vietnam has been inhabited since Paleolithic times, with some archaeological sites in Thanh Hóa Province purportedly dating back several thousand years. Archaeologists have linked the beginnings of Vietnamese civilization to the late Neolithic-early Bronze Age Phung Nguyen culture, which was centered in what is now Vinh Phúc Province between 2000 and 1400 BC.בניית אתר אינטרנט

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The legendary H?ng Bàng Dynasty of the Hùng kings is considered the first Vietnamese state, known in Vietnamese as Van Lang. In 257 BC, the last Hùng king was defeated by Th?c Phán, who consolidated the L?c Vi?t and Âu Vi?t tribes to form the Âu L?c, proclaiming himself An Duong Vuong. However, this reprocessing of the link to improve the readability of the anchor is limited by the loss of capitalization information caused by CamelCase reversal. For example, RichardWagner should be renderedThe Vietnamese became independent from Imperial China in 938 AD, following the Battle of B?ch Ð?ng River. Successive Vietnamese royal dynasties flourished as the nation expanded geographically and politically into Southeast Asia, until the Indochina Peninsula was colonized by the French in the mid-19th century. The First Indochina War eventually led to the expulsion of the French in 1954, leaving Vietnam divided politically into two states, North and South Vietnam.bingo games

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From the change log, other functions are accessible in most wikis: the revision history shows previous page versions and the diff feature highlights the changes between two revisions. Using the revision history, an editor can view and restore a previous version of the article. The diff feature can be used to decide whether or not this is necessary. A regular wiki user can view the diff of an edit listed on the Recent Changes page and, if it is an unacceptable edit, consult the history, restoring a previous revision; this process is more or less streamlined, depending on the wiki software used.The region now known as Vietnam has been inhabited since Paleolithic times, with some archaeological sites in Thanh Hóa Province purportedly dating back several thousand years. Archaeologists have linked the beginnings of Vietnamese civilization to the late Neolithic-early Bronze Age Phung Nguyen culture, which was centered in what is now Vinh Phúc Province between 2000 and 1400 BC.empfehlungsmarketing network marketing

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